On the Throes of Transition, Part IV: Confronting the Vortex of Violence




Earlier discussions on violent extremist movements such as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) give credence to the reasons why religion, nationality, organisation or even ethnicity, as points of reference in defining this phenomenon, are moot. This vortex of violence, as we have come to understand, is anchored in the global Islamic Jihad that is espoused by al-Qaeda with aspirations of setting up alternative political systems. It is at once hybrid, decentralised and polycentric, s...
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