5 ways submarine warfare is evolving to fit the 21st century battlespace

We respect your privacy, by clicking "Download Your Copy" you will receive our e-newsletter, including information on Podcasts, Webinars, event discounts, online learning opportunities and agree to our User Agreement. You have the right to object . In addition, you agree to having your details passed onto the sponsor who may promote similar products and services related to your area of interest subject to their privacy policy. For further information on how we process and monitor your personal data click here. You can unsubscribe at any time.

With the threat of a return to symmetric warfare looming large, submarine operations -one of the defining military developments of the 1980s - has taken on a renewed emphasis.

Often cited as the “first line of attack and the last line of defence," submarines are playing a pivotal role in intelligence gathering, maritime surveillance and reconnaissance, and the patrolling and securing of borders and nation-critical trade routes.

In 2016, the global submarine market was worth an estimated $23 billion.

That is expected to hit $36 billion by 2026, due to an increased focus on submersible operations and the need to overhaul and replace ageing submarines that are passing into obsolescence. Submarine warfare has changed markedly since the Akula and Los Angeles-class boats of the 1980s played hide-and-seek beneath the waves.

As technology hurtles ever forward - and Moore’s Law suggests that this will be an exponential trend - the heyday of submarine development is looking increasingly dated. In this analysis, we look at five ways in which submarine warfare is evolving to fit the 21st century battlespace...