Dr Ian Ralby is CEO of I.R. Consilium, LLC, and a recognized expert in international and maritime law with experience working in the US, Europe, Africa, the Caribbean, South and Southeast Asia, the Middle East and the Balkans. His work focuses on the intersection of law and security and tends to be for sovereign governments or international organizations. Dr Ralby is considered a leading authority on the regulation, governance and oversight of private security companies, having been involved in national and international efforts to develop accountability and standards for the private security industry. In addition, he is widely regarded as an expert on developing maritime security, as well as devising effective approaches to addressing both traditional and emerging maritime crimes. He has led several projects to help states develop national maritime domain strategies and has worked extensively on developing legally-grounded mechanisms for maritime security cooperation between states. Dr Ralby is a non-resident Senior Fellow at the Atlantic Council, and a ‘Key Opinion Former’ on Maritime Security at NATO. He previously served as Adjunct Professor of Maritime Law and Security at the US Department of Defense’s Africa Center for Strategic Studies. He speaks and publishes widely on matters of international relations, law and security. He earned a BA in Modern Languages and Linguistics and an M.A. in Intercultural Communication at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County; a JD at the College of William and Mary; and an MPhil in International Relations and a PhD in Politics and International Studies at St. John’s College of the University of Cambridge.